What Makes a Hoverboard Run


Hoverboards are amazing devices that allow people to travel. These personal transport devices are composed of various electronic parts that run on electric power. The boards were instantly popular when they were released more than two years ago. But that enthusiasm was dampened when many of the boards’ batteries exploded.

The issue over the exploding batteries remains a legitimate concern. This is the reason why authorities only recommend that customers only buy the boards with the UL certification. It would also help riders to know more about how the board works. Here are the basic components that make the hoverboard run.


The gyroscope is the device responsible for keeping the board balanced. To calibrate the gyroscope, you will need to make use of the speed control boards. The gyroscope needs the information sent by the sensors located in the wheels to keep the hoverboard on the level.

Main Logic Board

This circuit is the main processor that makes the computation to keep track of the hoverboard’s speed, the tilt of each wheel and other areas. It’s also responsible for the power allocation of the board. For example, if the board is set in “beginner mode”, the maximum speed is reduced.

The logic board also detects how far the rider is leaning forward or backward. For example leaning forward will alert the motor to spin faster in order to “keep up” with the rider’s sense of gravity. This enables riders to control the speed of the board by simply using their weight.

Battery Pack

Battery packs were the main culprit in most if not all hoverboard explosions. The surge in demand encouraged the haphazard of placement of battery packs in the boards. Currently, hoverboard battery packs must contain the UL certification to make sure that they are safe. Many of the power units contained 36V with more than 4,000 mAH. But some boards have smaller batteries.

Switches and Sensors

Switches and sensors are the small gadgets that detect the board’s movements. There are two switches – forward and backward that are attached to hoverboard’s pressure pads. By leaning forward, the forward switch is pressed down which in turn disrupts the sensors. The sensor is usually turned on and the motor remains still. But when turned off by the switch, the motor receives “instructions” to move in a certain direction.

A hoverboard rider who turns right uses his or her foot to activate the back left switch. This, in turn, will cause the left wheel to move backward. Meanwhile, the right foot activates the front right switch which will cause the right wheel to move forward.

The hoverboard requires various components to make it work. The gyroscope and main logic board are the ones that make the computation to keep the scooter balanced. The two are aided by sensors in the wheels and inside as well. The switches underneath the board also tell the hoverboard where to go and what direction to take. Other components of the hoverboard are the two electric motors placed inside the wheels. Hoverboards also normally contain a charging port, power switch and LED lights.